Khertvisi fortress is one of the oldest fortresses in Georgia and was functional throughout the Georgian feudal period. It is situated in Southern Georgia, in Meskheti region on the high rocky hill in the narrow canyon at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Paravani Rivers.

The fortress was first build in the 2nd century BC, the church – in 985 while the present walls – in 1354. As the legend says, Khertvisi was destroyed by Alexander the Great. In the 10th-11th centuries it was the center of Meskheti region. During the 12th century it became a town. In the 13th Mongols destroyed it and until the 15th century it lost its power. In the 15th century Khertvisi was owned by Meskheti landlords from Jakeli family. In the 16th century the southern region of Georgia was invaded by Turks. After Turks invasion of southern Georgia in 16th century, next 300 years Khertvisi was in their hands. At the end of the 19th century Georgian and Russian army returned the lost territories and Khertvisi became the military base for Russian and Georgian troops.