Language - The official language is Georgian, the only language in the Ibera Caucasian family written in ancient script, with its own unique alphabet. Russian, Armenian, Azeri, Ossetian and Abkhazian are also spoken.

Area - 69,700 sq km (26,911 sq miles).

Time Zone - GMT + 4.

Population - 4,469,200 (2011 estimate)

Capital - Tbilisi (pop. – 1,152,500 (2010))

Government - Republic. Gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Head of Government - Prime Minister Nikoloz ‘Nika’ Gilauri since February 2009.

Head of State - President Mikheil Saakashvili since 2004.

Religion - Christian majority, mainly Georgian Orthodox church. Also Eastern Orthodox, Muslim, Jewish and other Christian denomination minorities.

Telephone - Country Code: +995

Electricity - 220 volts AC, 50 Hz. European-type, two-pin plugs are used.  

Main cities

 
Tbilisi: 1,152,500 (metro area 1,370,800)
Kutaisi: 192,500
Batumi: 123,506
Rustavi: 119,500
Zugdidi: 75,550
Gori: 49,500
Poti: 47,150
Telavi: 21,800
Facts and Figures:   
Location: Eastern Europe/Southwestern Asia (Caucasus)
Longitude: 40° – 47°E
Latitude: 41° – 44° N
Area: 69.700 sq.km (about the size of West Virginia or Switzerland)
Land border: 1655 km
Black Sea coast line: 315 km
Shares borders with: Armenia: 164 km (to the south)
Azerbaijan: 322 km (to the south-east)
Russia: 723 km (to the north)
Turkey: 252 km (to the south-west)
Elevation: Highest: Mt, Shkhara: 5068 m; Lowest: Black sea 0 m
Highest mountains: Shkhara: 5193 m (16,627 ft)
Janga: 5059 m (16,597 ft)
Mkinvartsveri (Kazbek): 5047 m (16,558 ft)
Shota Rustaveli: 4860 m (15,944 ft)
Tetnuldi: 4858 m (15,938 ft)
Ushba: 4700 m (15,419 ft)
Ailama: 4547 m (14,917 ft)
Longest rivers:   Mtkvari (Kura) 1364 km (847.5 miles)
Chorokhi: 438 km (272.1 miles)
Alazani: 351 km (218.1 miles)
Rioni: 327 km (203.1 miles)
Tori: 320 km (198.8 miles)
Enguri: 213 km (132.3 miles)
Largest lakes: Paravani: 37.5 sq.km (14.4 sq ml)
Kartsakhi: 26.3 sq.km (10.1 sq ml)
Paliastomi: 18.2 sq.km (7.0 sq ml)
Tabatskuri: 14.2 sq.km (5.4 sq ml)
Khanchali: 13.3 sq.km (5.1 sq ml)
Jandari: 10.6 sq.km  (4.0 sq ml)