Telavi is the main town an administrative center of Georgia’s eastern province of Kakheti with about 30 000 inhabitants. First archaeological findings from Telavi date back to Bronze Age. It served as capital of Kakheti in the 10-11th and later in 17-18th centuries. During the so called Golden Era of the Georgian State (12-13th centuries), Telavi turned into one of the most important political and economic centers of the Georgian State. After the disintegration of the united Georgian Kingdom in the 15th century, the role of Telavi started to decline and the city eventually became an ordinary town of trade and crafts. Telavi regained its political importance in the 17th century when it became a capital of Kingdom of Kakheti. By 1762, it turned into the second capital (after Tbilisi) of the united Eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti. The reign of King Erekle II, who was born and died in this city, was a special epoch in the history of Telavi. During this period (1744-1798) it grew into a strategic and cultural centre. Erekle II established there theological seminary and founded a theatre. His reforms changed fundamentally the political, economical and cultural orientation of Kartli-Kakheti and, subsequently of the whole Georgia. His name became a symbol of freedom and national independence of the Georgian people.

The town is famous for its picturesque sights, a house-museum of Erekle II, university, drama theatre, art gallery and other cultural and educational centers.