Tusheti National Reserve 3Tusheti, one of the most beautiful regions of Georgia, is located in the eastern Caucasus. Tusheti is bordered by Dagestan to the east and by Chechnya – to the north. Khevsureti is located to the west of Tusheti and Kakheti – to the south. Tusheti Protected Areas cover Tusheti Strict Nature Reserve, Tusheti National Park and Tusheti Protected Landscape. There total area is about 113,660.2 ha.

Tusheti, surrounded by the high mountain ranges and summits, is rugged by the numerous gorges, the waters from which flow into the two major rivers of Tusheti – Pirikiti’s Alazani and Tusheti’s (Gometsari) Alazani separated with the watershed of Makratela. Both Alazanis merge near the village of Shenako and then leave Tusheti and the border of Georgia, flows to Dagestan, where this river is called as Andis Koisu and finally flows into the Caspian Sea.

Every village of Tusheti is a historical monument in itself. There are monuments of cultural and economical value: summer dwellings and their adjacent territories in the gorges of Kvakhidistskali, Larovanistskali, upper stream of Gometsati’s Alazani and Tsovatistskali. There are ancient villages and former villages in Tusheti, in the most part of which the fortresses of the late Middle Ages are well preserved; Tusheti itself with the nomadic and romantic lifestyle of the Tushetians and summer icon-holidays has always attracted visitors. The traditional hospitality of the Tushetians guaranteed a safety to tourists or visitors.

Tusheti is interesting for various reasons. This inaccessible mountain region is the place of origin of small but strong Tush horse and shepherds’ faithful assistant – Georgian shepherd dog. Sheep-breeding promoted the development of folk handicraft industry. Using wool and natural dyes the Tushetian women produce amazingly plain and beautiful crafts, such as socks, “chitis” and Tushetian carpets.